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What is the range of cell towers?

On average, cell towers have a maximum usable range of 25 miles (40 kilometers), and in some cases, cell tower radio signals can travel as far as 45 miles (72 kilometers). However, due to a number of factors, the typical coverage radius of a cell tower is only 1 to 3 miles (1.6 to 5 kilometers), and in a dense urban environment, a cell tower usually reaches 0.25 miles to 1 mile (0.4 to 1.6 kilometers) Before handing over the user's connection to another nearby cell site.



Cell phone towers are vertical structures, between 100 and 400 feet high, that use antennas to transmit radio signals from the tower to customers' mobile devices.



In general, several factors can affect the coverage of cell tower signals, which means that customers outside the range of cell towers may not be able to receive wireless service. The range of a cell tower is not a fixed distance, and there are several factors that affect the distance covered by a cell tower, including:



Spectrum: The radio frequency airwaves licensed to wireless carriers such as Verizon, which use the spectrum to transmit wireless communication signals. Different radio frequencies can travel shorter or longer distances



Network capacity: The need for high-bandwidth applications and higher quality of service has reduced the range over which base stations can transmit radio signals



Terrain: Natural and man-made obstacles such as mountains, hills, valleys, trees and buildings that can block, absorb and reflect radio signals



Transmission power: Cell tower radios transmit signals by driving current on the antenna, which affects how far the signal can travel



Premier Cable provides cables for the wireless industry all over the world. Let our industry experts help you build your wireless network. 


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