Main Components of Solar Photovoltaic PV System
Solar photovoltaic system is a system that directly converts solar energy into electrical energy, mainly consisting of solar panels, DC converters, inverters, battery packs, etc., which can convert solar energy into usable DC or AC electricity.
Specifically, a solar photovoltaic system consists of the following four main components:
1. solar panels: solar panels are the core of converting solar energy into electricity, and their basic principle is to convert sunlight directly into electricity through semiconductor materials. It usually consists of multiple solar cells, which generate electricity under the irradiation of solar energy.
2. DC converter: The electrical energy generated by the solar panel is direct current. The DC converter mainly reduces the line resistance and ensures the input of electrical energy into the inverter, while the electrical energy generated by the solar panel can be converted to a voltage size suitable for the battery pack.
3. Inverter: The inverter converts the direct current generated by the solar panel into usable alternating current for the power consumption of households, enterprises and industrial equipment.
4. Battery pack: The battery pack provides energy storage for the system to ensure energy supply at night and during bad weather. It usually uses lead-acid batteries, lithium-ion batteries, nanocrystalline batteries, etc.
In short, solar photovoltaic system is a system that uses solar energy to convert into electrical energy, supplying power through various devices and transmitting, transforming, storing and outputting electrical energy, which has broad application prospects and market potential, and is one of the important means to achieve clean energy.
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